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Premiered in Lotte Lehmann Concert Hall, Santa Barbara, California, May 2022.

Program Note

I set out to compose this piece after composing another piece titled Apollo. Both Apollo and Dionysus are ancient Greek gods, of a somewhat antithetical nature. Whereas Apollo embodies grace and beauty, Dionysus embodies madness and religious ecstacy. Although I did not try to represent Dionysus in any obvious way, I did compose music that is explicitly non-polyphonic, consisting mainly of textures and gestures. This seemed to coincide with the spirit of Dionsysus, since religious ecstacy and madness are ‘mass phenomena’.